One of Egypt's most distinctive and fascinating temples is the Temple of Kom Ombo. Because the temple was built to honour two gods, Sobek and Horus, rather than just one, making it the only twin temple in the nation, situated in a lovely setting on the banks of the Nile River.
The Temple of Kom Ombo should be visited for a variety of reasons.
This guide will cover the history, Pylon, The Forecourt of Sobek and Haroeris, Hypostyle Hall, Temple's Sanctuary Area of Kom Ombo. It will also try to answer some of the most frequently asked questions about visiting the site, such as: When is the best time to go? Tips for visiting? How do I get there? - and more.
The Arabic name "Kom" refers to the small hill, while the hieroglyphic word "Ombo" refers to "the gold" in ancient Egypt. The Pharaonic adjective "Nbty," which was derived from the word Nebo and meant "gold," is where the word Ombo genuinely got its start. The term Kom Ombo thus means "the hill of the gold." During the Coptic era, the name was somewhat changed to Enbo, and when Arabic started to be extensively spoken in Egypt, the term changed to "Ombo."
There is evidence that Kom Ombo was a hub for the creation of papyrus scrolls during the Old Kingdom when the region surrounding Kom Ombo was well-known for its papyrus production, which is located in the province of Edfu.
One of Egypt's most distinctive and fascinating temples is situated in Kom Ombo, a city that is 30 kilometres north of Aswan. The last dynasty in ancient Egypt, The Ptolemaic dynasty is the one who constructed the temple called Temple of Kom Ombo during the time they ruled Egypt from 305 BC to 30 BC and they are also known as Ptolemies of Greek descent. Pharaoh Ptolemy VI Philometor, who ruled from 180 BC to 145 BC, most likely constructed The Temple Of Kom Ombo.
The Pylon of Kom Ombo is the entrance to the temple and is located in the south-eastern corner of the complex. It is decorated with reliefs showing Ptolemy XII offering sacrifices to the gods.
The Pylon once had two entrances, but the left side of the temple completely disappeared, leaving only the central pillar and the lowest portions of the right wing.
The 16 columns that once encircled this forecourt's three sides are now only the lower portions, similar to Edfu's Temple of Horus. This location's reliefs, which depict Tiberius making offerings, are renowned for their vibrant colours. The courtyard's centre is occupied by a square altar foundation, while the other side is bordered by stone walls.
Recall: In the reliefs on the right-hand stone screen, Sobek is seen standing to the left, as Horus and Thoth pour consecration water over Neos Dionysos (Ptolemy XII).
The left-hand screen displays the same scene, except Haroeris is now in place of Sobek.
You enter the Hypostyle Hall by two doors from the Vestibule. Ten papyrus columns with flowery capitals support the roof of the room. Euergetes is shown presenting offerings to several gods on the column shafts, while he is conversing with the gods in wall reliefs.
The holy crocodile of Ombos can be seen between the vestibule's doors also Philometor, the elder brother of Euergetes II, is portrayed in reliefs presenting a gift to the falcon-headed Haroeris. This can be seen between the doorways leading into the temple's back portion.
To access the sanctuary part of the temple, which is divided into two areas for the worship of Haroeris (to the left) and Sobek, enter through the two doors in the rear wall of the third antechamber (to the right). Each shrine had a black granite base for the sacred barque, which would have housed the god's image. There were several smaller rooms with crypts all around the temple gateways and chapels.
The chapel of the goddess Hathor was constructed by the Roman emperor Domitian in her honour as well as some crocodile mummies. The Greeks identified Hathor with Aphrodite, an ancient Greek goddess associated with love. The bas-reliefs in the smaller chapels were painted as well, but they were incomplete. The "birth house" is a part of the Ptolemy VIII-built temple complex.
The collection of mummified crocodiles is situated on the banks of the Upper Egyptian city of Aswan, right outside the Ptolemaic Kom Ombo temple. The museum, which is regarded as the biggest animal-focused museum in the world, examines several facets of Supak's devotion as well as the ritual mummification of alligators and other associated practices. In February 2012, the museum welcomed visitors for the first time.
Out of the forty mummified crocodiles discovered in Aswan, the museum exhibits 22 of them. In a big glass exhibit, the crocodiles are arranged on a sand hill so that visitors can observe how crocodiles spent their days in ancient Egypt.
Along with statues of the crocodile-god Sobek, who has a human body and a crocodile head, there are also a variety of crocodile coffins and wooden sarcophagi on show, as well as crocodile eggs and foetuses. There are also replicas of Sobek's original niches and tombs on exhibit.
Travellers of all types will find the temple of Kom Ombo to be an intriguing and distinctive visit.
The temple is distinctive because it is built symmetrically, with two identical sides facing one another. According to legend, this symmetry represents the crocodile god's dual nature, which was thought to be both good and bad. The temple is notably distinctive in that there is an entrance on either side of the structure.
There are many intriguing aspects for visitors to examine at the temple. Sobek and Hathor, the goddess of love and beauty, are depicted in reliefs that adorn the temple's main hall. The temple also contains several halls and sanctuaries that were used for different religious rituals.
Did you know that the winter season, from December to February, is the finest time to visit the Kom Ombo temple? It's chilly and dry outside, and there are fewer people about at this time of the year. The heat during this period makes it less likely that the temple will be closed.
So make plans for your trip during the winter if you want to avoid the crowds and enjoy colder weather.
You can go to Kom Ombo via private car, train, Felucca, or Nile cruise.
Kom Ombo is a major tourist site in Egypt. A huge number of visitors go to the temple every year to view its distinctive architecture and discover its fascinating history. A few things you should bear in mind if you're thinking about visiting Kom Ombo to get the most out of your holiday. As you prepare to visit Kom Ombo, consider the following advice:
You may make your trip to Kom Ombo secure, entertaining, and educational by remembering these few pieces of advice.
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