Have you ever wanted to travel back in time and explore an ancient Egyptian temple? Then you should visit the Temple of Edfu!
This guide will tell you everything you need about the Temple of Horus at Edfu, an ancient Egyptian temple in Edfu. Dedicated to the falcon god Horus, this temple is among the best-preserved temples from the Ptolemaic era. It provides a unique glimpse into ancient Egypt's religious and cultural practices.
From the towering columns and intricate hieroglyphics to the fascinating history and significance of the temple, we will cover it all. Whether you are a history buff, an architecture enthusiast, or a curious traveller, this guide will provide you with all the essential information to make the most of your visit to the Temple of Horus at Edfu.
The ancient Temple was buried and uncovered in the nineteenth century by French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette after being hidden behind sand and silt for many years.
The Temple was built to honour the god Horus, who was the patron deity of Edfu. Horus was often depicted as a falcon or a man with a falcon head. He was the god of the sky, war, and of hunting.
The Temple of Horus was also built on the site of an earlier temple that the Persians had destroyed in the 6th century BC. The new Temple was much larger than the old one and was decorated with many reliefs and paintings.
If you are interested in learning more about the Ancient Egypt or looking for a unique and interesting tourist destination, then the Temple of Horus is worth a visit.
The Temple of Horus was built between 237 and 57 BC in Edfu, Egypt. It was used as a place of worship for the Pharaohs of the Ptolemaic dynasty.
The Temple of Horus was one of Egypt's most significant temples and received pilgrims from nationwide. It attracted many tourists in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. However, Aswan Dam's development forced its closure to the general public in the 1960s.
In 1995, the public was again allowed to enter the Temple of Horus. It is currently one of Egypt's most popular tourist destinations.
The Temple's barque sanctuary is surrounded by a colonnade of columns and guarded by two statues decorated with hieroglyphs and sculptures. The main entrance to the Temple is through a massive gate known as the Pylon.
Ptolemy III Euergetes not only started the construction of the Temple of Edfu but also donated to numerous other temples and repaired the divine sculptures that the Persians had looted from the temples. Ptolemy III started construction but was completed by Ptolemy XII and then opened for worship by Ptolemy X.
The Edfu temple pylon is one of the temple complex's most interesting and well-preserved features. It was built in the early Ptolemaic period and is one of Egypt's largest and most impressive pylons. It is made of sandstone and is decorated with reliefs and inscriptions that depict the coronation of Pharaoh Ptolemy XII and his queen, Cleopatra VII. The inscriptions on the pylon record the king's military campaigns and victory over the Nubians. The Pylon is one of the most important features of the temple complex and is a vital part of understanding the history and purpose of the Temple.
The columns in the Great Hypostyle Hall are arranged in 16 rows of 12 columns each. They are made of sandstone and are over 20 metres tall. The columns' sculptures depict scenes from Horus's lives and the gods. The hall's walls are also decorated with reliefs, and the north wall depicts the coronation of Horus as a falcon, while the reliefs on the south wall depict the age-old conflict between Horus and Set. Other sculptures depict the site of an earlier god, Isis and Osiris, and the goddess Hathor of Dendera.
The hall is massive, measuring approximately 50 x 80 metres. It is supported by 128 columns, arranged in 16 rows of 8 columns. The columns are decorated with sculptures of Horus and other Egyptian gods and goddesses. The hall's roof is decorated with stars, which would have been visible to worshippers looking up at the night sky.
The courtyard and temple grounds at Temple Horus of Edfu are beautiful and serene spaces perfect for contemplation and reflection. The Temple is an impressive structure; the courtyard provides a peaceful and calming atmosphere and is also a great place to enjoy the views of the surrounding area.
The Naos is a rectangular structure with a pitched roof. It was constructed over more than 200 years, from the reign of Ptolemy III to the rule of Ptolemy XII. It is made of sandstone and decorated with various reliefs and hieroglyphs. The front of the Naos is adorned with a scene of the gods Isis and Horus. The reliefs on the sides of the Naos depict various scenes from Egyptian mythology, including the story of the birth of Horus.
The Temple of Horus is a popular tourist destination and there are many reasons why tourists visits
Overall, the pros outweigh the cons when visiting the Temple. It is a unique and fascinating site worth the effort of getting to.
There are several ways to get to Edfu depending on whether you are staying in Luxor or Awsan. From Aswan, it's about a 2-hour drive, and from Luxor, it's slightly longer. Renting a taxi for the day is a good option and will allow you to take your time and enjoy the temple at your leisure. The train between Luxor and Aswan does also stop at Edfu, but they are not that reliable and often very crowded.
Most Nile cruise boats stop at Edfu and Kom Ombo temples en route between Luxor and Aswan and all allow plenty of time to visit the temples. Of course you can also arrange day and half day trips with local tour operator in both Aswan and Luxor.
When visiting, be sure to dress conservatively. This means covering your shoulders and knees. You should also avoid wearing tank tops, shorts, and skirts.
Once you've explored the area, check out the nearby museum. The museum is home to many artefacts in and around the Temple, including the golden statue of Horus of Behdet. It's the perfect place to learn more about the history and culture of ancient Egypt.
If you are looking for a tour and not finding what you are looking for, have a look at our best other related tours to check out for your travel plans. At Encounters Travel, we offer a variety of tours to suit your needs. So sit back, relax, and let us help you plan the perfect getaway.
This active family adventure take you from the iconic Pyramids and Sphinx in Cairo to the majestic temples and tombs in Luxor, with a short camel ride, beach time, and felucca cruise down the Nile adding to the fun.
This popular 12-day Egypt tour visits the Pyramids, Sphinx & Egyptian Museum in Cairo, before heading to the Nile Valley to explore Luxor & Aswan, including a felucca cruise, and finishes with time by the Red Sea at Hurghada.
Classic Cairo & Nile cruise tour, including the pyramids & sphinx, Egyptian Museum, and a luxury 5-day/4-night Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan. All the main highlights in the Nile Valley are covered, with Abu Simbel an option.
Need some travel inspiration or looking for some handy travel tips? Our blog provides excellent insight into our travel destinations - from tour updates to country guides, packing lists to little known things to do, you'll find it all in our travel blog.
Montaza Palace is a palace and gardens located in Alexandria, Egypt. Built in 1892 by the order of Khedive Ismail, it was intended to be a pleasure palace for the Khedive and the royal family and was later used as a summer residence by King Farouk.